Many medical/healthcare applications rely on semiconductor chips, certainly for the mobile and connected devices. Silicon chips enable a fast evolution and widespread use of new applications. However, integrated circuits (IC) used in medical applications require special attention for Electrostatic Discharge (ESD) protection.
Internet of Things (IoT) applications are powered by semiconductor devices. Despite the use of mature process nodes IoT chips cannot use convention ESD protection.
Semiconductor circuits used for Near Field Communication (NFC) need to be protected against excessive voltage. Two different approaches are discussed.